Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 11 percent of school-age children. About 3 to 5 % of adults suffer from ADHD. ADHD is characterised by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity.
What’s the difference between ADD and ADHD?
All forms of attention deficit disorder are officially called “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder,” regardless of whether the individual has symptoms of hyperactivity or not. Many professionals and lay people still use both terms: ADD and ADHD
What is an executive function?
Executive Function (EF) refers to brain functions that activate, organise, integrate and manage other functions. It enables individuals to account for short- and long-term consequences of their actions and to plan for those results. It also allows individuals to make an assessment of their actions and make necessary adjustments if their actions are not achieving the desired result. Individuals with executive dysfunction struggle with planning, problem-solving, organisation, and time management.
How is ADHD diagnosed?
There is no single test to diagnose ADHD and hence a comprehensive assessment is necessary to establish a diagnosis, rule out other causes, and determine the presence or absence of co-existing conditions. Such an assessment requires time and effort and should include a careful history and a clinical assessment of the individual’s academic, social, and emotional functioning and developmental level.
Obesity and ADHD: What’s the connection?
For adults with ADHD, the challenges of healthy weight management appear to be greater than for those without ADHD. A Study sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health found that adults with ADHD are 1.58 times more likely to be overweight and 1.81 times more likely to be obese than adults who do not have ADHD.
Children with ADHD also appear to have higher rates of overweight and obesity than their peers without the disorder.
What other conditions can occur with ADHD?
More than 60 % of individuals with ADHD have at least one other coexisting condition. The symptoms of ADHD—constant fidgetiness, interrupting and blurting out, difficulty sitting still and need for constant reminders, etc.—may overshadow these other disorders. But just as untreated ADHD can present challenges in everyday life, other disorders can also cause unnecessary suffering in individuals with ADHD and their families if left untreated. The most common conditions found in individuals with ADHD are disruptive, mood disorders, anxiety, tics or Tourette Syndrome, learning disorders, sleep disorders and substance abuse.
How is ADHD treated?
Treating ADHD often requires medical, educational, behavioural and psychological intervention. This comprehensive approach to management may include the following:
- parent training
- skills training
- behavioural therapy
- educational supports
- education regarding ADHD
We are thrilled to announce that our clinic will now be offering ADHD consultations with Dr Balu Pitchiah – our Consultant Psychiatrist.
Dr Balu Pitchiah qualified as a Medical Doctor from Stanley Medical College in Chennai, India before completing his Psychiatric Training in Sheffield.
If you have any questions then don’t hesitate to contact our health care professional. We are here to help!